The Assigned Flow junction type allows you to connect one pipe and to input a known flow rate entering or leaving at a particular location in your system. An irrecoverable loss can also be included.
The Assigned Flow Properties window follows the first of the two basic Properties window formats, displaying the connecting pipe information in a fixed format. Depending on whether you specify the junction as an inflow or outflow type, the required connecting pipe (upstream/inlet or downstream/outlet) will be enabled while the other pipe is disabled. Note that if the flow is specified as Inflow (to the system) then the reference positive flow direction of the connected pipe must be away from the junction (i.e., the junction is upstream of the pipe).
The Assigned Flow junction will automatically switch the inflow/outflow parameter based on the reference flow direction of the connected pipe.
The Assigned Flow junction type allows you to specify positive flow rates as mass flow rates. Negative flow rates are not accepted. If, for example, you have an outflow type junction and your system is physically flowing in, you cannot assign a negative flow rate to the junction. You must reverse the connecting pipe flow direction to be consistent with the actual direction and change from an outflow type to an inflow type.
On the Optional tab, a loss factor can be entered to account for losses due to fittings or components at the entry/exit to the connected pipe.