Slurry Definition Panel
(SSL Module Only) The Slurry Definition panel allows selection of the Slurry Calculation Method, as well as input of solids concentration relative to the carrier fluid and estimation of bulk slurry properties, as shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1: Slurry Definition panel when Detailed Slurry Calculation Method and User Specified Solids Added are selected
Slurry Calculation Method
There are three calculation methods available to model slurry. Each method requires different amounts of input data resulting in the use of different calculations. These calculations are described in the Slurry Calculation Methods section.

Minimal Method  Used in the preliminary design phase where only rough data are available. The solids density, sliding friction coefficient, and solids concentration are the only parameters needed. However, due to the minimal data the calculations should only be used for early stage approximations because it often overpredicts losses. This is a conservative method that assumes a fullystratified sliding bed.

Simplified Method  Additional information is required and gives a better solution. This method requires the solids density, d50 particle size, a userspecified M exponent, and the solids concentration. This method assumes heterogeneous flow with suspended particles. This is a more accurate model than the Minimal method because it accounts for more slurry definition.

Detailed Method  The default and provides the most rigorous solution methodology. The solids density, d50 particle size, terminal velocity parameter, and the solids concentration are required. Additionally, if the M exponent is to be calculated, the d85 particle size is also required. As with the Simplified Method, this method also assumes heterogeneous flow with suspended particles.
Slurry Definition
The Concentration Type is used to specify a value in the Amount Solids Added field. The available options for Concentration Type are:

Grams per Liter of Mixture

Volume Fraction

Mass Fraction

Solids Ratio (Msolids/Mliquid)
There are two Slurry Model options to choose from. These options determine the calculations used in the solver.

Newtonian  Functionally disables most of the SSL module calculations and preserves only the viscosity properties of the fluid in the model

Settling Slurry  Wilson, Addie, Clift  Default option, applies slurry calculations from Wilson
The Sliding Friction Coefficient (μs) is the coefficient of mechanical sliding friction between the granular mass and the boundary  where the boundary is where the motion takes place between the mass and a rigid boundary, i.e. the pipe wall. As the Sliding Friction Coefficient increases, so does the friction and thereby the pressure drop through the pipe. This field is only available when the Minimal Slurry Calculation Method is selected at the top of the panel.
The Bed Concentration (C_{vb}) is an optional parameter and is only used to determine the actual settling velocity (V_{s}) shown in the output. These calculations are described in Wilson (1986)Wilson, K.C., “Effect of Solids Concentration on Deposit Velocity”, Journal of Pipelines, 5, 1986, pp. 251257. and are functions of the pipe diameter, particle size (d_{50}), particle density and relative concentration. If no value is entered for this parameter then a default of 0.60 is used. The maximum value of these settling velocities (V_{s}) is denoted V_{sm} and is the usual parameter of interest in designing a system to avoid operating with a stationary bed. This field is only available when the Simplified and Detailed Slurry Calculation Methods are specified at the top of the panel.
Deposition Velocity (Vsm)
The Deposition Velocity (V_{sm}) can be determined using one of the options below. This is useful when the calculation method yields a slightly different value than, say, test results.

Nomograph  Equation Limited  This option is the default and uses the nomograph from Wilson (1986)Wilson, K.C., “Effect of Solids Concentration on Deposit Velocity”, Journal of Pipelines, 5, 1986, pp. 251257. page 111. The nomograph is noted to be conservatively high by Wilson, so an equation that calculates the max Vsm is used to limit the value of Vsm.
The results calculated from the nomograph will be checked against Equation 5.11 from Wilson (1986) as is shown below. If the value from the nomograph exceeds V_{sm,max} calculated from Equation 5.11, then the V_{sm,max} from Equation 5.11 will be used instead.
Note: If the V_{sm} is calculated as a negative value using Equation 5.11 from Wilson then the V_{sm} will be displayed as 0 in the Output. If the V_{sm} is shown as 0, the inputs for the fluid and solid should be verified, and the user should consider calculating the V_{sm} using a separate method.

Equation Only  This option will cause the V_{sm} to be calculated solely using Equation 5.11.

User Specified  This option allows the user to directly specify V_{sm}.
As Wilson describes there are times where operating at a velocity lower than V_{sm} is economically attractive and is without a stationary bed. These cases include a system where the solid concentration at the desired operating point is very different than that at the V_{sm} conditions. Wilson points out that this is rarely the case, and so the use of V_{s} instead of V_{sm} should be done with caution.