Overview of AFT Arrow
Welcome to AFT Arrow™  a visual platform for modeling compressible flow in pipe networks! See what's new in version 9!
AFT Arrow brings increased productivity to the pipe flow engineer by combining traditional engineering hydraulic analysis with an intuitive graphical user interface. By implementing a draganddrop method of pipe flow modeling, AFT Arrow simplifies the pipe network modeling process.
AFT Arrow can show both input data and analysis results in visual form, allowing rapid analysis of a model's validity. Identifying poor assumptions, catching typographical or modeling errors, and rerunning models are all accelerated because of AFT Arrow's graphical environment.
Whether your pipe system model will be used to evaluate and improve an existing system or to design a new one, AFT Arrow increases your productivity in the modeling process.
What Can AFT Arrow Do?
AFT Arrow can be used to model a wide variety of compressible flow systems, including:

Open and closed (recirculating) systems

Network systems that branch or loop, with no limit on the number of loops

Pressure driven systems

Compressor or fan driven systems, including multiple compressor/fans in parallel or in series

Compressor/fans with variable speed, controlled pressure and controlled flow

Systems with pressure and/or flow control valves

Systems with valves closed and compressor/fans turned off

Heat transfer analysis and system energy balance

Systems with nonideal gases

Systems that experience sonic choking, including multiple sonic choking points

Systems with nonreacting flow stream mixing and user defined mixtures (with optional Chempak)

Systems with elevation changes or rotation such as in turbomachinery

Multiple design cases in a single model file

Cost calculation of compressor and fan energy usage
AFT Arrow provides hundreds of standard loss models for pipe system components, but also allows you to enter your own loss data. Variable loss models that depend on flow are supported.
AFT Arrow's powerful solution engine is based on standard techniques used for many years in industry. The NewtonRaphson method is used to solve the fundamental equations of pipe flow that govern mass and momentum balance. Solutions are obtained by iteration, and matrix methods optimized for speed are employed to obtain convergence.
AFT Arrow provides two independent solution methods that can be run individually or in combination with each other to allow flexibility and crossverification of results. In addition, AFT Arrow offers two lumped methods which offer improved computation speed with a slight loss in accuracy. Modeling of low to high pressure and low to high velocity systems can be performed. Sonic capabilities allow modeling of high velocity conditions such as in relief systems.
AFT Arrow can model a large range of gas systems including steam, natural gas, air, and chemical and petrochemical process gases. Support for real gases is offered through several generalized equation of state models or the optional Chempak addon.
Where to Start
The best place to start learning about AFT Arrow is to work through our examples and video tutorials found in the Arrow Learning Resources.
Addon Module Capabilities
AFT Arrow has two addon modules which extend AFT Arrow’s extensive modeling capabilities into new areas.

The Goal Seek & Control (GSC) module allows the engineer to perform multivariable goal seeking and simulate control system functions.

The Automated Network Sizing (ANS) module automates the process of sizing pipes and ducts in a complex network based on required conditions, such as maximum pressure or minimum flow, to reduce cost or weight.

The Extended Time Simulation (XTS) module allows the engineer to model time varying system behavior.
Who Can Use AFT Arrow
Effective use of AFT Arrow requires a basic understanding of compressible flow theory. Another topic offers a review of compressible flow theory and gives several references of more detailed information. AFT Arrow users should have a working knowledge of all the concepts discussed in Review Of Compressible Flow Theory. In some cases it may be advisable that users attend training courses offered by Applied Flow Technology or AFT Arrow recognized authorities.
In addition to familiarity with compressible flow theory, engineers who use AFT Arrow should be familiar with standard industry practice in analyzing gas piping systems.